It's very easy to get confused about how the trade-in pay-off is handled in a car deal. Almost everyone who trades a car into a car dealer on a car purchase has a pay-off, and almost everyone gets confused about it when it comes time to pay it off.
The pay-off is how much you owe the lender for your trade-in. It in no way reflects how much your trade-in is worth, and most often the pay-off is higher than your trade-in's actual value.
When you buy a vehicle this is how the numbers break down:
Selling price of the new vehicle
+ Any Add-ons like extended warranty, protection package, etc.
+ Sales tax, title, documentation and registration fees
- Trade-in allowance
- Cash down and rebates
+ Pay-off on trade
= Total Amount Due
Now, adding the pay-off back on to the "Amount Due" tends to throw a lot of people for a loop! They have a hard time understanding why the pay-off has to be added back on once the dealer agrees to a trade figure.
You must remember, the loan on the trade-in is yours - not the car dealers - and it must be paid off in full so the dealer can have a clear title to the trade. In essence, the dealer is buying the trade-in from you, and you can't sell it to him if there is an outstanding balance owed on it unless you pay it off.
So, the pay-off gets added on to your "Amount Due," and then the car dealer takes that money and pays off the loan. The lending institution in return sends the dealer a clear title and everyone is happy.
Remember, the pay-off is your responsibility not the dealers. The car dealer is actually doing you a service by simplifying the way you pay off your vehicle. It also allows the dealer to control the process so they don't get stuck with a trade-in that has a lien and an outstanding loan on it.
Now having said that remember, most car dealers are honest and do business in a legitimate way, and they will pay off your outstanding loan promptly or as soon as they get the funds on the car deal. It's to their benefit to pay it off right away so they can then sell the car. If they don't have a clear title for the vehicle they can't legally sell it.
However, there have been occasions when a car dealer waits to make the pay-off, or in rare cases doesn't pay it off at all. This is illegal and can get a car dealer in a lot of trouble, but sometimes they are having cash flow problems or - again - in very rare cases you come up against a crook.
If the car dealer doesn't pay off your loan within a reasonable amount of time (one to three weeks) the lender is going to be looking for you to make a payment when it comes due. I have even seen cases where the customer didn't know for several months that the pay-off hadn't been made, and it was actually causing late payment entries on their credit report.
Remember . . . I said this was a rare occurrence, so don't panic if you have a trade with a pay-off. There are steps you can take to protect yourself.
If you trade a car with a pay-off get a written statement from the car dealership signed by either the Sales Manager or the Finance Manager stating that they will in fact pay off your trade-in and by what date. The statement should include the following information:
The date of the document
The amount of the pay-off
By what date will the pay-off be made
How long the pay-off amount is good for (because the amount changes as interest accrues)
The year, make, model, mileage and serial number of the car being paid off
The name and mailing address of the lending institution where the pay-off is to be sent
The name of the person at the lending institution who verified the pay-off amount
The signature of either the Sales Manager or the Finance Manager
Any reputable car dealership should be happy to accommodate your request for this form. In fact, a professional dealership will have such a form as a routine part of their paperwork.
This way, if anything goes awry you have something in writing to protect yourself, and to prove the dealer agreed to make the pay-off. As I said before, most car dealers are honest, but it's always a good business practice to protect yourself.
If a car dealer refuses to give you a written statement on the pay-off you should not complete the deal. To me this would be a big red flag! Go do business with another dealer who will accommodate your request. There are too many honest dealers out there for you to waste your time with a questionable one.
This article was written by Tony Iorio of www.InsiderCarSecrets.com